Caprionline Insider Guides

Recommended insider experiences for the Island of Capri.
Get the best tips, itineraries, and accommodations to discover your Capri!

The history of Capri island

The history of Capri island

Classical era

  • Early history - The Grotto of the Ferns and excavations at the Quisisana hotel and other localities testify to the presence of prehistoric inhabitants from the Neolithic period up to the Bronze Age.
  • VIII Century B.C. - Colonisation by the Teleboi, an Acarnanian people, led by Teleno. The megalithic wall visible from the Funicular Terrace is attributed to these settlers.
  • V-IV Century B.C. - The Greeks of Cumae also settle in Capri.
  • 328 B.C. - Greek Capri passes under the domain of Rome after the "Fedus Neapolitanum".
  • 269 B.C. - Coins recovered in the Guard district bearing this date testify to trade between the island and mainland.
  • 9 B.C. - Augustus acquires Capri.
  • 14/37 A.C. - Withdrawal of Tiberius to Capri.
  • 128 A.C. - The Emperor Commodus banishes Lucilla and Crispina to the island.

Middle ages

  • 450 A.C. - Construction of the Early Christian Basilica of St. Costanzo (Constant) by the Basilian monks.
  • 523 A.C. - Patrizio Tertullo donates Capri to the Benedictines.
  • 592 A.C. - Letter from Gregory Magno to Bishop John of Sorrento requesting him to go to Capri to bless the relics of St. Agatha, preserved by Abbot Savino at the Monastery of St. Stefano (Stephen).
  • 80-681 A.C. - Arrival of St. Costanzo on the island.
  • 750 A.C. - Capri, patrimony of St. Peter, is leased for 28 years by Gregory VII to Theor, Duke of Naples.
  • 812 A.C. - Start of Saracen raids in the Mediterranean.
  • 866 A.C. - Emperor Ludovick II donates Capri to the Maritime Republic of Amalfi.
  • IX Century - Byzantine reconstruction of the Basilica of St. Costanzo.
  • 987 - Appointment of the first Bishop by the Amalfi Archbishop.
  • 991 - Failed landing by the Saracens under the command of Boalim.
  • 998 - Construction of Anacapri Castle, later known as "Barbarossa" Castle.
  • 1003 - Construction of Capri Castle.
  • 1137 - Roger the Norman conquers Amalfi and Capri.
  • 1230 - Eliso Arcucci, Admiral of the Swabian fleet is made Count of Capri.
  • 1266 - Angevin occupation and construction of lookout towers.
  • 1284 - Sergio De Nicola, Governor of Capri, repels the Aragonese.
  • 1367 - Construction of the Convent and Church of St. Francesco (Francis) at Marina Grande under the direction of Count Arcucci.
  • 1370 - Expansion of the Church of St. Costanzo with the construction of the presbytery, pronaos and new entrance on the north side.
  • 1371 - Construction of the Charterhouse of St. Giacomo (James) under the direction of Giacomo Arcucci, Secretary to Jeanne I, Queen of Naples.
  • 1441 - Alfonso I of Aragon conquers Capri.

Modern and contemporary period

  • 1496 - Frederick II of Aragon founds the University of Anacapri, effectively separating it from Capri.
  • 1535-1553 - Invasion led by Kair-ed-Din, otherwise known as Barbarossa, and Dragut.
  • 1656 - Plague epidemic that kills 350 of the island's 755 inhabitants.
  • 1775 - Ferdinand II of Bourbon elects Capri as his summer residence where he goes to hunt quail.
  • 1786 - Archaeological excavations by Nobert Hadrawa.
  • 1806 - Capri is occupied by the French and reconquered by the English who fortify the island.
  • 1807 - The French troops of Joachim Murat reconquer Capri. Fortification of the island.
  • 1818 - Suppression of the Bishop's seat at Capri.
  • 1826 - Rediscovery of the Blue Grotto (Grotta Azzurra). Capri becomes the popular destination of writers and painters who stay at Hotel Pagano.
  • 1874-1877 - Construction of road to Anacapri.
  • 1905 - Excavations undertaken to expand Hotel Quisisana uncover prehistoric remains.
  • 1910 - Construction of the Capri-Marina Grande funicular, and start of works in the port.
  • 1932-1935 - Archaeological excavations by Amedeo Maiuri at Villa Jovis, Villa Damecuta and the Palace by the Sea (Palazzo a Mare).
  • 1938 - First electric power station.
  • 1950 - Growth of tourism in Capri.

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Recommended experiences and tours

Capri Transfers - Minibus at disposal  - Full day Pick

Transport and Rental

Minibus at disposal - Full day

Tipical Minibus at disposal full day to enjoy and discover the island, without the stress and avoiding unusefull queque . Maximum of 20people

By Capri Transfers

€ 400
Capri Relax Transfers - Private transfer "from Rome to your hotel in Capri" Pick

Transport and Rental

Private transfer "from Rome to your hotel in Capri"

Travel in style with a private and exclusive transfer organized by Capri Relax Boats... 24h/24h

The service includes:

- Mercedes sedan or Viano from airport, railway station or hotel
- Speed motorboat "Itama 38" (12 mt) from Naples to Capri
- Taxi-cabrio "Capri" from the port to Your hotel

By Capri Relax Transfers

€ 1,100 One way. Up to 3 guests.

Andrea Albanese

(Amministratore Unico)

Oasi Motor - 2 hour motorized rubber raft + 5 hour scooter rental Pick

Transport and Rental

2 hour motorized rubber raft + 5 hour scooter rental

Explore the island by land and sea.
Don't miss out on this great offer for discovering all of Capri with a boat + scooter rental package.

By Oasi Motor

€ 160 € 180 -11% 1 boat + 1 scooter
Capri Relax Boats - Half day by gozzo boat "Fratelli Aprea 7.80" Pick

Excursions by sea

Half day by gozzo boat "Fratelli Aprea 7.80"

Do you want to enjoy even more the Isle of Capri?
So book a 4 hours tour along the stunning coast of the Blue Island.
With its discreet charm the "Fratelli Aprea 7.80 open cruise" is the model that more than others represents the tradition and the classic line of Gozzo Sorrentino.

By Capri Relax Boats

€ 220 Per boat. Up to 4 persons.

Andrea Albanese

(Amministratore Unico)

Gianni's Boat - Boat tour at sunset Pick

Excursions by sea

Boat tour at sunset

A romantic boat tour of the island at sunset with aperitif on board.

By Gianni's Boat

€ 180 € 250 -28% Price for two persons

Gianni Tedesco

(Proprietario)

Gianni's Boat - Small Group Full Day Excursion to Capri from Sorrento Pick

Excursions by sea

Small Group Full Day Excursion to Capri from Sorrento

A one day long excursion from Sorrento to Capri, where to spend 3 hours strolling freely in the centre.
A small group tour with max 12 people per boat.
The boat is equipped with sunbeds, an ample canopy for shade and toilet.

By Gianni's Boat

€ 80 per guest

Gianni Tedesco

(Proprietario)

Guided tours

Capri Time Tours

Organized tours for the independent traveler

Kaire Arte Capri

A new way to visit Capri

Capri Official Guides

See the island, with an islander

Nesea Cultural Events

Guided Walks and Itineraries around Capri

Bespoke Capri

Bespoke Capri: Discover the Island, Luxuriously