The history of Capri island

The history of Capri island
The history of Capri island

Recommended experiences and tours

Villa Jovis and Villa Lysis - Private tour

from € 180
Duration 4 hours Departure from: Capri

A private 4 hours-tour to visit Villa Jovis and Villa Lysis: discover with a local guide all...

Tour of Pompeii, from Naples or Capri- for 4 People max

€ 220 Price for 4 people max
Duration 4 hours Departure from: Capri, Naples

The amazing ancient Roman resort town of Pompeii was buried under a mass of volcanic ash from...

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Classical era

  • Early history - The Grotto of the Ferns and excavations at the Quisisana hotel and other localities testify to the presence of prehistoric inhabitants from the Neolithic period up to the Bronze Age.
  • VIII Century B.C. - Colonisation by the Teleboi, an Acarnanian people, led by Teleno. The megalithic wall visible from the Funicular Terrace is attributed to these settlers.
  • V-IV Century B.C. - The Greeks of Cumae also settle in Capri.
  • 328 B.C. - Greek Capri passes under the domain of Rome after the "Fedus Neapolitanum".
  • 269 B.C. - Coins recovered in the Guard district bearing this date testify to trade between the island and mainland.
  • 9 B.C. - Augustus acquires Capri.
  • 14/37 A.C. - Withdrawal of Tiberius to Capri.
  • 128 A.C. - The Emperor Commodus banishes Lucilla and Crispina to the island.

Middle ages

  • 450 A.C. - Construction of the Early Christian Basilica of St. Costanzo (Constant) by the Basilian monks.
  • 523 A.C. - Patrizio Tertullo donates Capri to the Benedictines.
  • 592 A.C. - Letter from Gregory Magno to Bishop John of Sorrento requesting him to go to Capri to bless the relics of St. Agatha, preserved by Abbot Savino at the Monastery of St. Stefano (Stephen).
  • 80-681 A.C. - Arrival of St. Costanzo on the island.
  • 750 A.C. - Capri, patrimony of St. Peter, is leased for 28 years by Gregory VII to Theor, Duke of Naples.
  • 812 A.C. - Start of Saracen raids in the Mediterranean.
  • 866 A.C. - Emperor Ludovick II donates Capri to the Maritime Republic of Amalfi.
  • IX Century - Byzantine reconstruction of the Basilica of St. Costanzo.
  • 987 - Appointment of the first Bishop by the Amalfi Archbishop.
  • 991 - Failed landing by the Saracens under the command of Boalim.
  • 998 - Construction of Anacapri Castle, later known as "Barbarossa" Castle.
  • 1003 - Construction of Capri Castle.
  • 1137 - Roger the Norman conquers Amalfi and Capri.
  • 1230 - Eliso Arcucci, Admiral of the Swabian fleet is made Count of Capri.
  • 1266 - Angevin occupation and construction of lookout towers.
  • 1284 - Sergio De Nicola, Governor of Capri, repels the Aragonese.
  • 1367 - Construction of the Convent and Church of St. Francesco (Francis) at Marina Grande under the direction of Count Arcucci.
  • 1370 - Expansion of the Church of St. Costanzo with the construction of the presbytery, pronaos and new entrance on the north side.
  • 1371 - Construction of the Charterhouse of St. Giacomo (James) under the direction of Giacomo Arcucci, Secretary to Jeanne I, Queen of Naples.
  • 1441 - Alfonso I of Aragon conquers Capri.

Modern and contemporary period

  • 1496 - Frederick II of Aragon founds the University of Anacapri, effectively separating it from Capri.
  • 1535-1553 - Invasion led by Kair-ed-Din, otherwise known as Barbarossa, and Dragut.
  • 1656 - Plague epidemic that kills 350 of the island's 755 inhabitants.
  • 1775 - Ferdinand II of Bourbon elects Capri as his summer residence where he goes to hunt quail.
  • 1786 - Archaeological excavations by Nobert Hadrawa.
  • 1806 - Capri is occupied by the French and reconquered by the English who fortify the island.
  • 1807 - The French troops of Joachim Murat reconquer Capri. Fortification of the island.
  • 1818 - Suppression of the Bishop's seat at Capri.
  • 1826 - Rediscovery of the Blue Grotto (Grotta Azzurra). Capri becomes the popular destination of writers and painters who stay at Hotel Pagano.
  • 1874-1877 - Construction of road to Anacapri.
  • 1905 - Excavations undertaken to expand Hotel Quisisana uncover prehistoric remains.
  • 1910 - Construction of the Capri-Marina Grande funicular, and start of works in the port.
  • 1932-1935 - Archaeological excavations by Amedeo Maiuri at Villa Jovis, Villa Damecuta and the Palace by the Sea (Palazzo a Mare).
  • 1938 - First electric power station.
  • 1950 - Growth of tourism in Capri.

Recommended experiences and tours

Book online or request an estimate to reserve your place now. More than 7.000+ tours and day trips booked online.

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Capri Official Guides - Private tour of the island of Capri

Tours and excursions

Private tour of the island of Capri

from € 280

Duration 2 hours 4 hours 8 hours

A 5-hour personalized tour of the entire island of Capri

Staiano Tour Capri - Capri and Anacapri tour + the Blue Grotto

Departure from: Capri

Capri and Anacapri tour + the Blue Grotto

€ 20 per guest

Duration 8 hours

Discover the most famous places of Capri Island by bus! We'll pick you up at the port and take you around the island, waiting for you while you see the places: admire the cities of Capri and Anacapri and take the path to the Blue Grotto to see its priceless beauty!

Capri Official Guides - Anacapri and Damecuta walking guided tour

Tours and excursions

Anacapri and Damecuta walking guided tour

from € 180

Duration 2 hours 4 hours 8 hours

This tour begins in the center of Anacapri and ends at Damecuta, where you can visit the archaeological remains of one of the twelve villas the emperor Tiberius built on the island.

Nesea Capri Tour - Pizzolungo hiking - Private tour

Departure from: Capri

Pizzolungo hiking - Private tour

from € 180

Duration 2 hours

Hike a trail through the island countryside accompanied by an expert private guide. The itinerary includes the Arco Naturale and includes the Tragara scenic overlook with views of Marina Piccola, the Faraglioni, and the breathtaking Villa Malaparte.

5 Excellent
Nesea Capri Tour - Capri  Historic Center - Private tour

Departure from: Capri

Capri Historic Center - Private tour

from € 180

Duration 2 hours

An exclusive private tour of the main monuments and sights in the center of Capri. Our guide will lead you from the famed Piazzetta to the traditional Sant'Anna neighborhood then finish at the Charterhouse of S. Giacomo, all the while sharing the stories and secrets of the island!

5 Excellent
Capri Official Guides - Mount Solaro  trekking tour

Tours and excursions

Mount Solaro trekking tour

from € 180

Duration 2 hours 4 hours 8 hours

Hike to the top of Mount Solaro, the highest point on the island, and enjoy a 360 degree view over Capri, the Gulf of Naples, and the Bay of Salerno.

Other suggestions

Book online or request an estimate to reserve your place now. More than 7.000+ tours and day trips booked online.

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Nesea Capri Tour

Guided tours

Nesea Capri Tour

Guided Walks and Itineraries around Capri

5 Excellent
Tel. +39 349 5290191
Kaire Arte Capri

Guided tours

Kaire Arte Capri

A new way to visit Capri

Tel. +39 329 0936171
Capri Official Guides

Guided tours

Capri Official Guides

See the island, with an islander

Tel. +39 366 2795287
Capri Time Tours

Guided tours

Capri Time Tours

Organized tours for the independent traveler

5 Excellent
Tel. +39 329 21 49 811

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