The history of Capri island

The history of Capri island
The history of Capri island

Recommended experiences and tours

Capri Tour by Private Boat with a Guide + The Piazzetta

from € 350 Total price | Max 5 people
Duration 4 hours Departure from: Capri

A half-day tour of Capri including a sail along the coast by private gozzo boat with a guide,...

Villa Jovis and Villa Lysis - Private tour

from € 180
Duration 4 hours Departure from: Capri

A private 4 hours-tour to visit Villa Jovis and Villa Lysis: discover with a local guide all...

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Classical era

  • Early history - The Grotto of the Ferns and excavations at the Quisisana hotel and other localities testify to the presence of prehistoric inhabitants from the Neolithic period up to the Bronze Age.
  • VIII Century B.C. - Colonisation by the Teleboi, an Acarnanian people, led by Teleno. The megalithic wall visible from the Funicular Terrace is attributed to these settlers.
  • V-IV Century B.C. - The Greeks of Cumae also settle in Capri.
  • 328 B.C. - Greek Capri passes under the domain of Rome after the "Fedus Neapolitanum".
  • 269 B.C. - Coins recovered in the Guard district bearing this date testify to trade between the island and mainland.
  • 9 B.C. - Augustus acquires Capri.
  • 14/37 A.C. - Withdrawal of Tiberius to Capri.
  • 128 A.C. - The Emperor Commodus banishes Lucilla and Crispina to the island.

Middle ages

  • 450 A.C. - Construction of the Early Christian Basilica of St. Costanzo (Constant) by the Basilian monks.
  • 523 A.C. - Patrizio Tertullo donates Capri to the Benedictines.
  • 592 A.C. - Letter from Gregory Magno to Bishop John of Sorrento requesting him to go to Capri to bless the relics of St. Agatha, preserved by Abbot Savino at the Monastery of St. Stefano (Stephen).
  • 80-681 A.C. - Arrival of St. Costanzo on the island.
  • 750 A.C. - Capri, patrimony of St. Peter, is leased for 28 years by Gregory VII to Theor, Duke of Naples.
  • 812 A.C. - Start of Saracen raids in the Mediterranean.
  • 866 A.C. - Emperor Ludovick II donates Capri to the Maritime Republic of Amalfi.
  • IX Century - Byzantine reconstruction of the Basilica of St. Costanzo.
  • 987 - Appointment of the first Bishop by the Amalfi Archbishop.
  • 991 - Failed landing by the Saracens under the command of Boalim.
  • 998 - Construction of Anacapri Castle, later known as "Barbarossa" Castle.
  • 1003 - Construction of Capri Castle.
  • 1137 - Roger the Norman conquers Amalfi and Capri.
  • 1230 - Eliso Arcucci, Admiral of the Swabian fleet is made Count of Capri.
  • 1266 - Angevin occupation and construction of lookout towers.
  • 1284 - Sergio De Nicola, Governor of Capri, repels the Aragonese.
  • 1367 - Construction of the Convent and Church of St. Francesco (Francis) at Marina Grande under the direction of Count Arcucci.
  • 1370 - Expansion of the Church of St. Costanzo with the construction of the presbytery, pronaos and new entrance on the north side.
  • 1371 - Construction of the Charterhouse of St. Giacomo (James) under the direction of Giacomo Arcucci, Secretary to Jeanne I, Queen of Naples.
  • 1441 - Alfonso I of Aragon conquers Capri.

Modern and contemporary period

  • 1496 - Frederick II of Aragon founds the University of Anacapri, effectively separating it from Capri.
  • 1535-1553 - Invasion led by Kair-ed-Din, otherwise known as Barbarossa, and Dragut.
  • 1656 - Plague epidemic that kills 350 of the island's 755 inhabitants.
  • 1775 - Ferdinand II of Bourbon elects Capri as his summer residence where he goes to hunt quail.
  • 1786 - Archaeological excavations by Nobert Hadrawa.
  • 1806 - Capri is occupied by the French and reconquered by the English who fortify the island.
  • 1807 - The French troops of Joachim Murat reconquer Capri. Fortification of the island.
  • 1818 - Suppression of the Bishop's seat at Capri.
  • 1826 - Rediscovery of the Blue Grotto (Grotta Azzurra). Capri becomes the popular destination of writers and painters who stay at Hotel Pagano.
  • 1874-1877 - Construction of road to Anacapri.
  • 1905 - Excavations undertaken to expand Hotel Quisisana uncover prehistoric remains.
  • 1910 - Construction of the Capri-Marina Grande funicular, and start of works in the port.
  • 1932-1935 - Archaeological excavations by Amedeo Maiuri at Villa Jovis, Villa Damecuta and the Palace by the Sea (Palazzo a Mare).
  • 1938 - First electric power station.
  • 1950 - Growth of tourism in Capri.

Recommended experiences and tours

Book online or request an estimate to reserve your place now. More than 7.000+ tours and day trips booked online.

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Departure from: Capri

Capri Tour by Private Taxi with Local Guide

from € 320 Per taxi | Max 6 people

Duration 6 hours

  • A private six-hour tour of Capri and Anacapri: open-air taxi, local guide, funicular tickets, and one-hour group boat tour.
Excellent (195)

Departure from: Sorrento

Pompeii & Vesuvius: Guided-Tour by Boat from Sorrento

€ 98 per guest

Duration 8 hours

  • No traffic so you arrive at Pompeii relaxed thanks to a boat transfer to and from Sorrento
  • Expert guides in both Pompeii and Vesuvius for a visit full of history and culture
  • Relax with a swim in the crystal clear waters of the Mediterranean
Excellent (561)

Departure from: Capri

Capri Tour by Private Boat with a Guide + The Piazzetta

from € 350 Total price | Max 5 people

Duration 4 hours

  • Half-day tour of Capri: private guide, boat tour of the island, and walking tour of the center of Capri town with stops in the Piazzetta and the Gardens of Augustus.
Excellent (195)

Departure from: Naples

Group Walking Tour of Naples with a Guide

€ 55 per guest

Duration 2 hours

  • A group walking tour in the center of Naples with an authorized local guide to discover Piazza Plebiscito, Santa Lucia, and Spaccanapoli...ending with a sfogliatella tasting.
Excellent (195)

Departure from: Capri

Pizzolungo hiking - Private tour

from € 180

Duration 2 hours

Hike a trail through the island countryside accompanied by an expert private guide. The itinerary includes the Arco Naturale and includes the Tragara scenic overlook with views of Marina Piccola, the Faraglioni, and the breathtaking Villa Malaparte.

Excellent (58)

Departure from: Naples

Shared Guided Tour of Capri from Naples

€ 95 per guest

Duration 7 hours

  • A full-day, group tour of Capri from Naples including round-trip ferry tickets, a professional guide, island transportation, and lunch!
Excellent (195)

Other suggestions

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Guided tours

Nesea Capri Tour

Guided Walks and Itineraries around Capri

Excellent (58)
Tel. +39 349 5290191

Guided tours

Kaire Arte Capri

A new way to visit Capri

Tel. +39 329 0936171

Guided tours

Capri Official Guides

See the island, with an islander

Tel. +39 366 2795287

Guided tours

Capri Time Tours

Organized tours for the independent traveler

Excellent (63)
Tel. +39 329 21 49 811

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