The history of Capri island

The history of Capri island
The history of Capri island

Recommended experiences and tours

The Heart of Capri - Private tour

From € 180 Per group | Max 15 passengers
Duration 3 hours Departure from: Capri

Explore the historic center of Capri with a local guide to discover the beauty of the Piazzetta,...

Pompeii & Vesuvius: Guided-Tour by Boat from Sorrento

€ 109 per guest
Duration 8 hours Departure from: Sorrento

Explore the ancient town of Pompeii and the majestic Mount Vesuvius with an authorised guide...

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Classical era

  • Early history - The Grotto of the Ferns and excavations at the Quisisana hotel and other localities testify to the presence of prehistoric inhabitants from the Neolithic period up to the Bronze Age.
  • VIII Century B.C. - Colonisation by the Teleboi, an Acarnanian people, led by Teleno. The megalithic wall visible from the Funicular Terrace is attributed to these settlers.
  • V-IV Century B.C. - The Greeks of Cumae also settle in Capri.
  • 328 B.C. - Greek Capri passes under the domain of Rome after the "Fedus Neapolitanum".
  • 269 B.C. - Coins recovered in the Guard district bearing this date testify to trade between the island and mainland.
  • 9 B.C. - Augustus acquires Capri.
  • 14/37 A.C. - Withdrawal of Tiberius to Capri.
  • 128 A.C. - The Emperor Commodus banishes Lucilla and Crispina to the island.

Middle ages

  • 450 A.C. - Construction of the Early Christian Basilica of St. Costanzo (Constant) by the Basilian monks.
  • 523 A.C. - Patrizio Tertullo donates Capri to the Benedictines.
  • 592 A.C. - Letter from Gregory Magno to Bishop John of Sorrento requesting him to go to Capri to bless the relics of St. Agatha, preserved by Abbot Savino at the Monastery of St. Stefano (Stephen).
  • 80-681 A.C. - Arrival of St. Costanzo on the island.
  • 750 A.C. - Capri, patrimony of St. Peter, is leased for 28 years by Gregory VII to Theor, Duke of Naples.
  • 812 A.C. - Start of Saracen raids in the Mediterranean.
  • 866 A.C. - Emperor Ludovick II donates Capri to the Maritime Republic of Amalfi.
  • IX Century - Byzantine reconstruction of the Basilica of St. Costanzo.
  • 987 - Appointment of the first Bishop by the Amalfi Archbishop.
  • 991 - Failed landing by the Saracens under the command of Boalim.
  • 998 - Construction of Anacapri Castle, later known as "Barbarossa" Castle.
  • 1003 - Construction of Capri Castle.
  • 1137 - Roger the Norman conquers Amalfi and Capri.
  • 1230 - Eliso Arcucci, Admiral of the Swabian fleet is made Count of Capri.
  • 1266 - Angevin occupation and construction of lookout towers.
  • 1284 - Sergio De Nicola, Governor of Capri, repels the Aragonese.
  • 1367 - Construction of the Convent and Church of St. Francesco (Francis) at Marina Grande under the direction of Count Arcucci.
  • 1370 - Expansion of the Church of St. Costanzo with the construction of the presbytery, pronaos and new entrance on the north side.
  • 1371 - Construction of the Charterhouse of St. Giacomo (James) under the direction of Giacomo Arcucci, Secretary to Jeanne I, Queen of Naples.
  • 1441 - Alfonso I of Aragon conquers Capri.

Modern and contemporary period

  • 1496 - Frederick II of Aragon founds the University of Anacapri, effectively separating it from Capri.
  • 1535-1553 - Invasion led by Kair-ed-Din, otherwise known as Barbarossa, and Dragut.
  • 1656 - Plague epidemic that kills 350 of the island's 755 inhabitants.
  • 1775 - Ferdinand II of Bourbon elects Capri as his summer residence where he goes to hunt quail.
  • 1786 - Archaeological excavations by Nobert Hadrawa.
  • 1806 - Capri is occupied by the French and reconquered by the English who fortify the island.
  • 1807 - The French troops of Joachim Murat reconquer Capri. Fortification of the island.
  • 1818 - Suppression of the Bishop's seat at Capri.
  • 1826 - Rediscovery of the Blue Grotto (Grotta Azzurra). Capri becomes the popular destination of writers and painters who stay at Hotel Pagano.
  • 1874-1877 - Construction of road to Anacapri.
  • 1905 - Excavations undertaken to expand Hotel Quisisana uncover prehistoric remains.
  • 1910 - Construction of the Capri-Marina Grande funicular, and start of works in the port.
  • 1932-1935 - Archaeological excavations by Amedeo Maiuri at Villa Jovis, Villa Damecuta and the Palace by the Sea (Palazzo a Mare).
  • 1938 - First electric power station.
  • 1950 - Growth of tourism in Capri.

Recommended experiences and tours

Book online or request an estimate to reserve your place now. More than 24.000+ tours and day trips booked online.

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Departure from: Sorrento

Private & Guided Herculanuem + Mt. Vesuvius Tour

From € 600 Per vehicle | Max 8 passengers

Duration 8 hours

Free cancellation

  • Departure from Sorrento
  • Visit a top archaeological site
  • Hike up to the volcanic crater on Vesuvius
Excellent (370)

Departure from: Sorrento

Private & Guided Naples Driving Tour from Sorrento

From € 630 Per vehicle | Max 8 passengers

Duration 8 hours

Free cancellation

  • Flexible departure from Sorrento and surrounds
  • Luxury Mercedes with professional driver
  • A full day to explore Naples
Excellent (370)

Departure from: Naples

Naples by Sea: 3-hour Private Boat Tour

From € 150 Per boat | Max 10 passengers

Duration 3 hours

Free cancellation

  • A boat and skipper all to yourself!
  • Admire Naples from the water
  • Commentary about the city and its history
Excellent (1122)

Departure from: Capri

Capri in 1 day - Private tour

From € 380 Per group | Max 8 people

Duration 8 hours

Free cancellation

  • Boat tour of the island
  • Chairlift to the top of Mount Solaro
  • Local guide included
Excellent (82)

Departure from: Capri

The heart of Anacapri - Private tour

From € 180 Per group | Max 15 passengers

Duration 2 hours

Free cancellation

  • Guide included
  • The majolica floors of S. Michele
  • The villa of Axel Munthe
Excellent (82)

Departure from: Capri

The Heart of Capri - Private tour

From € 180 Per group | Max 15 passengers

Duration 3 hours

Free cancellation

  • The highlights of Capri
  • A private guide
  • The view over the Faraglioni
Excellent (82)

Other suggestions

Book online or request an estimate to reserve your place now. More than 24.000+ tours and day trips booked online.

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