The history of Capri island

The history of Capri island
The history of Capri island

Recommended experiences and tours

Anacapri and Damecuta walking guided tour

from € 180
Duration 2 hours 4 hours 8 hours

This tour begins in the center of Anacapri and ends at Damecuta, where you can visit the archaeological...

Capri Historic Center - Private tour

from € 180
Duration 2 hours Departure from: Capri

An exclusive private tour of the main monuments and sights in the center of Capri. Our guide...

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Classical era

  • Early history - The Grotto of the Ferns and excavations at the Quisisana hotel and other localities testify to the presence of prehistoric inhabitants from the Neolithic period up to the Bronze Age.
  • VIII Century B.C. - Colonisation by the Teleboi, an Acarnanian people, led by Teleno. The megalithic wall visible from the Funicular Terrace is attributed to these settlers.
  • V-IV Century B.C. - The Greeks of Cumae also settle in Capri.
  • 328 B.C. - Greek Capri passes under the domain of Rome after the "Fedus Neapolitanum".
  • 269 B.C. - Coins recovered in the Guard district bearing this date testify to trade between the island and mainland.
  • 9 B.C. - Augustus acquires Capri.
  • 14/37 A.C. - Withdrawal of Tiberius to Capri.
  • 128 A.C. - The Emperor Commodus banishes Lucilla and Crispina to the island.

Middle ages

  • 450 A.C. - Construction of the Early Christian Basilica of St. Costanzo (Constant) by the Basilian monks.
  • 523 A.C. - Patrizio Tertullo donates Capri to the Benedictines.
  • 592 A.C. - Letter from Gregory Magno to Bishop John of Sorrento requesting him to go to Capri to bless the relics of St. Agatha, preserved by Abbot Savino at the Monastery of St. Stefano (Stephen).
  • 80-681 A.C. - Arrival of St. Costanzo on the island.
  • 750 A.C. - Capri, patrimony of St. Peter, is leased for 28 years by Gregory VII to Theor, Duke of Naples.
  • 812 A.C. - Start of Saracen raids in the Mediterranean.
  • 866 A.C. - Emperor Ludovick II donates Capri to the Maritime Republic of Amalfi.
  • IX Century - Byzantine reconstruction of the Basilica of St. Costanzo.
  • 987 - Appointment of the first Bishop by the Amalfi Archbishop.
  • 991 - Failed landing by the Saracens under the command of Boalim.
  • 998 - Construction of Anacapri Castle, later known as "Barbarossa" Castle.
  • 1003 - Construction of Capri Castle.
  • 1137 - Roger the Norman conquers Amalfi and Capri.
  • 1230 - Eliso Arcucci, Admiral of the Swabian fleet is made Count of Capri.
  • 1266 - Angevin occupation and construction of lookout towers.
  • 1284 - Sergio De Nicola, Governor of Capri, repels the Aragonese.
  • 1367 - Construction of the Convent and Church of St. Francesco (Francis) at Marina Grande under the direction of Count Arcucci.
  • 1370 - Expansion of the Church of St. Costanzo with the construction of the presbytery, pronaos and new entrance on the north side.
  • 1371 - Construction of the Charterhouse of St. Giacomo (James) under the direction of Giacomo Arcucci, Secretary to Jeanne I, Queen of Naples.
  • 1441 - Alfonso I of Aragon conquers Capri.

Modern and contemporary period

  • 1496 - Frederick II of Aragon founds the University of Anacapri, effectively separating it from Capri.
  • 1535-1553 - Invasion led by Kair-ed-Din, otherwise known as Barbarossa, and Dragut.
  • 1656 - Plague epidemic that kills 350 of the island's 755 inhabitants.
  • 1775 - Ferdinand II of Bourbon elects Capri as his summer residence where he goes to hunt quail.
  • 1786 - Archaeological excavations by Nobert Hadrawa.
  • 1806 - Capri is occupied by the French and reconquered by the English who fortify the island.
  • 1807 - The French troops of Joachim Murat reconquer Capri. Fortification of the island.
  • 1818 - Suppression of the Bishop's seat at Capri.
  • 1826 - Rediscovery of the Blue Grotto (Grotta Azzurra). Capri becomes the popular destination of writers and painters who stay at Hotel Pagano.
  • 1874-1877 - Construction of road to Anacapri.
  • 1905 - Excavations undertaken to expand Hotel Quisisana uncover prehistoric remains.
  • 1910 - Construction of the Capri-Marina Grande funicular, and start of works in the port.
  • 1932-1935 - Archaeological excavations by Amedeo Maiuri at Villa Jovis, Villa Damecuta and the Palace by the Sea (Palazzo a Mare).
  • 1938 - First electric power station.
  • 1950 - Growth of tourism in Capri.

Recommended experiences and tours

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Nesea Capri Tour - Pizzolungo hiking - Private tour

Departure from: Capri

Pizzolungo hiking - Private tour

from € 180

Duration 2 hours

Hike a trail through the island countryside accompanied by an expert private guide. The itinerary includes the Arco Naturale and includes the Tragara scenic overlook with views of Marina Piccola, the Faraglioni, and the breathtaking Villa Malaparte.

5 Excellent
Nesea Capri Tour - Capri in one day - Private tour

Departure from: Capri

Capri in one day - Private tour

from € 280

Duration 8 hours

A tour of the history and landscape of Capri with a local guide. The tour begins with a boat tour of the island, then continues with a walking tour of the Piazzetta and the Gardens of Augustus. After lunch, the tour ends with a visit to the breathtaking Villa Lysis!

5 Excellent
Capri Official Guides - Discover Capri with a Local - Group Tour - Sunday

Tours and excursions

Discover Capri with a Local - Group Tour - Sunday

€ 50 per guest

Duration 2 hours 4 hours 8 hours

Guided tour of the center of Capri: let us show you the most beautiful and authentic sights on the island! - Group tour, Sundays only

Nesea Capri Tour - Villa Jovis and Villa Lysis - Private tour

Departure from: Capri

Villa Jovis and Villa Lysis - Private tour

from € 180

Duration 4 hours

A private 4 hours-tour to visit Villa Jovis and Villa Lysis: discover with a local guide all secrets of Capri Island, learning about archeology, history, art and nature of these amazing places from the Roman period to the twentieth century.

5 Excellent
Capri Official Guides - Capri Angel, a day with your private guide

Tours and excursions

Capri Angel, a day with your private guide

€ 500

Duration 2 hours 4 hours 8 hours

An expert local guide at your complete disposal for a full 8 hours and a fully personalized and customized tour of Capri!

Capri Official Guides - Guided tour at Villa Jovis

Tours and excursions

Guided tour at Villa Jovis

from € 180

Duration 2 hours 4 hours 8 hours

Guided tour of the ruins of the villa of Tiberius, from where the Emperor ruled the vast Roman empire

Other suggestions

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Capri Official Guides
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